Answer: Nature is everything that surrounds us: inanimate, vegetative, and animate nature, and human society.
The inanimate, vegetative, and animate levels act instinctively according to the laws that this system awakens in them. Therefore, there are no internal contradictions.
A person consists of two qualities: the egoistic quality that makes him think only about himself and the quality of connection with the entire world around him.
Here, a contradiction manifests itself: a person is the opposite of the world. We call this oppositeness “egoism,” which is not present in the inanimate, vegetative, or animate nature. In order to achieve his goals and desires to become greater, better, richer, and more powerful, man is ready to destroy all of the surrounding nature and he has all the possibilities to do this.
Here the problem arises: what can be done with a person in order for him to become an organic participant within this system, an integral part of nature, and to not go outside of it and do with it whatever he wants?
From year to year and from generation to generation, man becomes more and more powerful. He kills nature, bends it underneath him, and does things that he does not even need to do. Why? Just because it is necessary to satisfy his small, personal interests.
He burns down forests, drains reservoirs, and does everything to earn money at this moment, to do something to indulge his narrow egoism, although it is absolutely unreasonable. He simply destroys nature.
Question: But aren’t we ourselves a part of nature?
Answer: On the one hand, we are a part of nature and we can’t get out of it. On the other hand, we have an egoistic quality that puts us above nature.
Question: Nature has its own laws: the law of gravity, the law of thermodynamics, etc. Over the past few hundred years, humanity has discovered more than 200 physical laws. Which of them do we as humans not conform with?
Answer: We do not conform with the integral law of nature because all of it is interconnected and is in the state of a closed system that must support itself. We go beyond the framework of integral nature, believing that we can do anything because we need it at that moment.
Let us say I want to be richer than others. This is not justified, but I want it and so I cut down forests, pump out oil, and pollute the air. And it does not matter to me, the main thing for me is to achieve my own egoistic goal.
The animal world has no such goals. Their only goal is to feed themselves and raise their offspring. In addition to these animalistic goals, man has another goal: to rise above others. This is due to our egoism that pushes us to use everything possible in the world around us in order to achieve this goal.
From KabTV’s “The Post Coronavirus Era,” 4/2/20