Entries in the 'Quora' Category

“How Do I Get Out Of An Existential Crisis?” (Quora)

Dr. Michael LaitmanMichael Laitman, On Quora: How do I get out of an existential crisis?

Firstly, it is important to understand that existential crises spur questions about what our lives are ultimately about, and if it were not for such episodes, we would simply flow in the currents of life, ending our every day the moment after it starts.

Therefore, existential questions about life’s meaning and purpose, who we are, where we’re headed and who or what we really depend on, surface to wake us up from our everydayness.

We mostly take for granted how complex our lives have become today. On one hand, we carry out our daily business in order to survive and enjoy life as best as we can, but on the other hand, we are in the midst of an overload of information and pressures that we never experienced before. Our connections increasingly tighten all around the world, and since we have yet to realize such connections positively, we experience this tensing reality as one of increasing pains and sorrows.

Many of us thus seek out different meanings and purposes to our lives than the ones we grew up with. It is a sign of humanity undergoing a new form of development from its corporeal desires, where we lived to fulfill ourselves at the levels of food, sex, family, money, honor, control and knowledge, to the awakening of the spiritual desire, which seeks the meaning of life.

Most people who encounter such existential questions still seek out a new goal or identity within the corporeal realm, for instance, changing their profession, friends, location, gender, or in general, where they invest most of their time and energy. This search is still not for the eternal and ultimate meaning of life, which the wisdom of Kabbalah provides an answer and method for. It does, however, display an acceleration of human development from the corporeal to the spiritual.

In the wisdom of Kabbalah, “existence” means that within every particular moment of our lives, we question why we are alive. By doing so, we can constantly sharpen our lives’ direction to its ultimate purpose, and thus reach a more optimal realization of ourselves and our lives.

Therefore, we target our dissemination of Kabbalah to anyone who has such questions, and the door is always open for people of any background, culture, age and gender to take whatever anyone wants from the wisdom.

If one seeks answers about life’s meaning and purpose, Kabbalah provides a method to discover life’s ultimate meaning and purpose by guiding our discovery of the eternal and perfect reality, all while we are alive in this world.

Alternatively, if people are looking for a change and improvement in life, not yet at the level of unlocking eternal perfection, then such people are also welcome to read our materials, or join our courses and channels, and see how the wisdom that describes the complete picture of reality can help us conduct our lives with more awareness, understanding and balance.

“It Is Reported That Russia Is Considering Unplugging From The Internet. Do You Think They Will And Why Would They Do This?” (Quora)

Dr. Michael LaitmanMichael Laitman, On Quora: It is reported that Russia is considering unplugging from the internet. Do you think they will and why would they do this?

In essence, in today’s increasingly socially divisive reality, I support that every nation can control its own Internet. It might seem to counter the approach of global interdependence and interconnectedness that I often write and speak about, but in reality, it is not so.

In order to realize our growing global technological interconnectedness positively, it needs to be accompanied with a form of education that upgrades our attitudes to each other, so that we match our increasing external connections with improving internal attitudes to each other.

By failing to implement such connection-enriching learning, then the global Internet we have created becomes a mirror of our corrupt egoistic attitudes to each other. Instead of serving as a platform that we use to better our human relations, it becomes a sort of marketplace where we each go to either blabber about whatever is on our mind, or use it to profit off of others.

Therefore, since we fail to upgrade our attitudes to each other, I don’t blame any nations for trying to setup national control over the Internet. By failing to accompany our increasing pluralism and freedom with connection-enriching learning that improves our attitudes to each other, we then fail to realize a higher level of human consciousness that our global world with its tightening connections is inviting us to. It thus comes as no surprise that nations will start making protectionist motions such as closing off the Internet.

Instead of positive relations spreading throughout the Internet, if we see a proliferation of hatred and divisiveness, then it definitely becomes better to shut it off. An Internet that serves increasing positive human connections would draw no criticism from any nation or government: all would enjoy from a globally-connected environment that provides us with a constant supply of happiness, confidence, support, encouragement and motivation.

“How Can I Make Miracles Happen In My Life?” (Quora)

Dr. Michael LaitmanMichael Laitman, On Quora: How can I make miracles happen in my life?

There is nothing simpler than making a miracle.

If people feel rejection, hatred, and remoteness from each other and they start connecting above such negative sensations, as it is written, “love will cover all transgressions,” then through this battle they each wage upon their egos, they attract a positive influence from nature.

This positive influence is known in the wisdom of Kabbalah as “the light.” They feel that they draw the light precisely from the darkness that they previously felt.

Such connection above mutual rejection and hatred is a miracle. When it happens, we feel a new illumination, perfection, warmth and harmony fill our lives.

Why is it that when we connect above our divisions, a miracle happens?

It is because, by doing so, we resemble the light—nature’s quality of love and bestowal—and our connection brings its influence closer to us.

If we decide that we’ve had enough of wars, conflicts, and hatred, and try to be good to each other, then we’ll immediately feel how the world changes and starts filling up with a special illumination.

We already live completely encased by the light, but we feel it as darkness.


It is because our self-centered egoistic nature is opposite to the bestowing and loving nature of the light.

Therefore, by making efforts to become as loving and giving as the light itself, while being opposite to it, we attract the light’s positive influence, and it performs this miracle of connecting us above our instinctive rejection to each other.

When such a miracle happens, we will start feeling a whole new sense of happiness, confidence, warmth, support, and harmony, i.e., everything positive in life.

“Who Will Win In A War If All 190+ Countries Teams Up Against Israel? What If God Doesn’t Help Israel?” (Quora)

Dr. Michael LaitmanMichael Laitman, On Quora: Who will win in a war if all 190+ countries teams up against Israel? What if God doesn’t help Israel?

It could definitely become a reality where the entire world teams up against Israel.

We, the people of Israel, can expect more and more hatred toward us, and it can dress all kinds of forms that we consider as unjust. For instance, the recent allegations in The Hague of war crimes that Israel immediately took defense to, or myriad other forms of blame against us.

We, the people of Israel, have the ability to switch on a new light in the world, where the entire world would think and speak positively about the Jewish people and the State of Israel, but the way we currently conduct ourselves brings upon us increasing hatred.

The hatred against us is an outcome of our negligence. It is negligence of the biggest kind: We have the ability to correct the world, to bring about a natural balance among human society worldwide, spreading peace, love and unity upon the growing division and hatred, but we neglect our ability to do so.

The more the nations of the world point out our seeming wrongdoings, the more we try to defend ourselves. However, there is no use in trying to defend ourselves in such a way. We are entering a state similar to what was unfolding in 1930s Germany, only today, it is not a matter of one nation or region against us, but in today’s globally-connected world, the entire world is frowning at us more and more.

No matter what we do to try and improve our image, with all the advances in science, medicine and technology we bring to the world, we cannot buy a positive attitude toward us.

Why? It is because the hatred felt toward us is natural. It emerges from the laws of nature.

Human nature, the egoistic desire to enjoy at others’ expense, which is at the basis of every person’s thoughts, actions and behaviors, continually grows. It is the negative force in nature, positioned opposite to the positive altruistic force of love, bestowal and connection. In our times, the egoistic desire is growing to enormous proportions, and humanity finds itself in myriad problems as a result of the growing ego that finds no balance with the force of love and bestowal opposite it.

How can this growing ego be brought into balance with the positive force? It can be done through the method of correction that was made to establish this balance, the method for revealing that force through the positive connection of society.

The people of Israel were originally founded as a nation that implemented this method of correction. They emerged about 3,800 years ago in ancient Babylon where Abraham guided them to unite above the rampant social division of the time, and they acquired the time “Israel” (“Yashar Kel” [“straight to God”]), from their aim directly at the force of love and bestowal. They drew this force to themselves, and it connected them above the divisive ego that was bursting at the seams.

As the ego in Abraham’s time was tearing apart human society, and he gathered anyone who felt a need for better relations to come and learn how to connect above the divisive ego, so it is today: the people who were founded on that method have the ability to start making strides toward better connection, more love, unity and peace among each other, in order to be a conduit for the positive force of love and bestowal to spread among wider circles of humanity.

Our neglect to realize this ability, and our continued efforts to instead dabble in egoistic goals for money, honor, control and knowledge, lets the ego run wild, and it ultimately brings about all kinds of outbursts, pains and crises. As a boomerang, the nations of the world feel hatred increasingly surfacing within them toward us. It is a subconscious hatred where they feel we hide something good from them, without knowing exactly what it is, and neither the people of Israel nor the nations of the world can rationally pinpoint the core reason for the hatred.

It is a fact that Israel is hated by all the nations, whether for religious, racial, capitalist, communist, or for cosmopolitan reasons, etc. It is so because the hatred precedes all reasons, but each merely resolves its loathing according to its own psychology. – Yehuda Ashlag, The Writings of the Last Generation

Therefore, we live in a time today where if we, the people of Israel, fail to wake up to our role and start implementing the method of correction we once realized in ancient Babylon—to unite (“love your friend as yourself”) above division (“love will cover all transgressions”) in order to spread unity among society (to be a “light unto the nations”)—then it could indeed become a reality where the entire world teams up against Israel.

Whether it is the allegations in The Hague last week pushing for an investigation into war crimes committed by the State of Israel, or whether it is American Jews in New York and Jersey City last week getting murdered due to clear anti-Semitic motives, such examples from the last few days alone are among a long string of intensifying anti-Semitic motions that have been exponentially rising the last few years.

The problem is that we are a stiff-necked nation, as is mentioned in the Torah, where despite the distinct anti-Semitic tendencies, we close our ears to the deeper calling behind the hatred. We are like a little child whose mother gets angry at him, and we point back to the mother saying that she’s a bad mother, without understanding the intention in the mother that wishes for the child to fix his conduct.

We thus need not point our finger back at humanity, at anti-Semites and at people who seek to illuminate our wrongdoings. If we instead focus on our own unity, on realizing the ideological basis for what made us a nation to begin with, we will then draw the positive force of nature upon ourselves, and through us, it will spread to humanity. That and only that will certify a change in attitude toward us, as a new state of unity among humanity would bring about new positive sensations of happiness, confidence, love and peace. We would then become felt as a kind of tap that allows the positive force to enter people’s lives, and would accordingly receive a positive response from the world.

“How Should You Define Hell And Heaven?” (Quora)

Dr. Michael LaitmanMichael Laitman, On Quora: How should you define hell and heaven?

According to the wisdom of Kabbalah, heaven is the spiritual world of complete bestowal, with no shred of reception.

If we have even the tiniest desire for something beyond what this world has to offer, we can then use the wisdom of Kabbalah to prepare for the spiritual world of bestowal, to engage in positive relations with others.

Then, when we die—not our bodily death but death from our inborn egoistic desire to enjoy at the expense of others—we then enter the second nature of giving and bestowal, and that becomes heaven for us.

If we make no preparations and have no desire to bestow, then relationships of bestowal and love of others are as hell for us.

Therefore, it is considered that this world is a basis upon which, if we prepare ourselves accordingly, we can enter heaven, the spiritual world of bestowal and love.

“I Am Terminally Ill And Afraid Of Death. How Do I Accept Death?” (Quora)

Dr. Michael LaitmanMichael Laitman, On Quora: I am terminally ill and afraid of death. How do I accept death?

The best thing I could possible say to you if you’re terminally ill is that next time it will be better.

It’s a healthy approach to death, to look forward to something good and positive. If you truly have no way of healing from your illness and are certain of your death in the near future, then in my opinion, I’m certain that next time it will be better, and I wish for that thought to accompany you so that you could depart your life with comfort, calm, peace and hope.

“What Is Chanukah?” (Quora)

Dr. Michael LaitmanMichael Laitman, On Quora: What is Chanukah?

Chanukah (also spelled “Hanukkah,” Heb. “חנוכה”) , starting on 25 Kislev (start-to-mid December), is also known as the Festival of Lights. It designates the start of our perception and sensation of the one, unique and unified force of nature, the first crossing of the boundary separating our ego from the altruistic force of nature. Hanukkah’s concepts and customs—the war of the Maccabees and the Greeks, the Hanukkah miracle, the candle, light, oil and wick—all connect to the crossing of this boundary between egoistic and altruistic perception.

In order to cross this boundary, we need to rise above our egoistic desires. The war of the Maccabees and the Greeks takes place inside the person, between a person’s egoistic rationalizations and reasoning, which the Greeks represent, and the inclination to unify by inviting nature’s unifying force into our connections, which the Maccabees represent.

However, since egoism is human nature, how can we find the ability to overcome it? Moreover, any desire to unify, love and give to others is minuscule compared to egoism, which incessantly seeks to receive self-aimed enjoyment.

Enter the Hanukkah miracle…

Our perseverance to unify above egoism draws the unifying force of love and bestowal dwelling in nature, also called “the light” in the wisdom of Kabbalah. Despite our very small desire to unite, love and give compared to our egoistic desires that comprise our entire nature, if we support each other so that we keep ourselves adhered to our effort to unite, we eventually arrive at a helpless state: we feel a complete inability to rise above our ego, i.e., to defeat the Greeks, and at that point, a miraculous light sparks up—an appearance of the unifying force of love and bestowal dwelling in nature, which grants us the strength we need in order to overcome our egoistic desires with a unifying, loving and giving tendency. That is the meaning of the Maccabees winning the war against the Greeks.

We prosper when we, on one hand, feel a necessity to win the war, but on the other hand, find ourselves out of options and in despair, i.e., under the attack of the Greeks. While under attack, we feel like we need to keep fighting with all everything we have, however with no success in sight. In any case, due to sensing a responsibility to win the war, we do not throw in the towel, because it would be like agreeing to be locked away in the ego’s solitary confinement.

At that point, the miracle happens—the illumination of the light of unity, love and bestowal. It charges us with its omnipresent energy, and we win the war.

The Hanukkah war is internal, taking place on the boundary between egoistic desires versus those of unity, love and bestowal. Our egoistic desires and thoughts are what filters our perception of the boundless force of love and bestowal surrounding and permeating us, and we revel in the revelation of this force when we win the battle for unification above our egoistic desires.

“What Has Shocked You The Most About Trump Declaring That Jews Are A ‘Nation’?” (Quora)

Dr. Michael LaitmanMichael Laitman, On Quora: What has shocked you the most about Trump declaring that Jews are a “nation”?

Nothing shocked me about this declaration. It was a move to combat anti-Semitism and the rising anti-Israel movement on US college campuses. However, such actions will not stand in the way of anti-Semitism’s expansion.

I’m certain that anti-Semitism will continue becoming an increasing problem if we fail to treat it at its root, i.e., that we, the Jewish people, will wake up to what made us Jews in the first place—our inclination to unite (“love your neighbor as yourself”) above divisions (“love will cover all transgressions”) in order to spread unity to humanity (to be a “light unto the nations”).

The more torn today’s societies become, and the more people suffer from social division, the more anti-Semitism will rise.

Why? It is because we, the Jewish people, were originally founded based on a unifying ideology—a group of people who lived in ancient Babylon some 3,800 years ago, who gathered around Abraham, uniting according to the method of unification that he discovered and applied on himself.

When we reached sublime states of unity above the divisive social climate of that time, we became known as “the nation of Israel.” That is, our nationhood was never biological, as with other nations. It was ideological, based on the idea of unifying with positive connections of love and bestowal.

After Abraham’s time, we received the name “Jews” (Yehudim) from the Hebrew word for “united” (yihudi). However, since the ruin of the Second Temple, we entered a long period of exile, which continued till today. We detached from the sensation of our unification and dispersed both around the world, and in our attitudes to each other.

Today, as humanity becomes increasingly globally interconnected, technologically, economically and culturally, the time has come for our internal attitudes to become as connected as our external systems.

The more we develop today without working on upgrading our attitudes to each other, the more we will feel our tightening connection in a negative way. We can see such paradoxes in our era, where the more the population increases to numbers we have never seen before, the more people feel isolated and lonely; and the more we build vast global social networks, the more people feel depressed and stressed.

All such problems point to the need for positive connection in society. Therefore, implementing the unifying role of the Jewish people today becomes all the more necessary and urgent.

We Jews today first and foremost need to understand the need for a major transformation—to move toward unification, mutual consideration, concern, support and encouragement of one another—and that we hold the keys to pioneer such a monumental shift in society, spreading unity worldwide to a point where humanity would feel as a single nation.

Until we start realizing the method of connection we have at our fingertips, the world will continue pressuring us. Even if the current US President has a favorable attitude to us for the time being, it has no effect on the global-scale correction that is upon our shoulders to initiate.

In fact, the contrary is the case. It is similar to a person with a disease who was given a painkiller. He feels fine, even though the disease continues spreading.

In the meantime, he lies in bed, talking and laughing with others around him, everyone thinking everything is okay, but he is just numb to the disease, which gradually brews under the surface toward an irreversible outbreak.

It is similar to Germany in the 1930s, where there was a period of positive relations between the Nazis and the Jews (as I elaborated here). It is a latent period where we need to digest the process unfolding, our role in the process, and act accordingly, not simply thinking that everything is business-as-usual, because nothing will heal that way. History shows us how the Nazis quickly overturned the boat on the Jews, getting rid of us with ease.

And so, history is repeating itself before our very eyes. Although we see some seemingly encouraging moves toward Jews in actions such as Trump’s executive order recognizing Jews as a nation, or for instance, the British election of Brian Johnson as opposed to Jeremy Corbyn, it is for a limited time only.

If we fail to complement this relatively calm period with motions toward becoming a positive conduit of unity toward the world, then we can expect an intensification of anti-Semitic hatred to reach a future boiling point. Trump and Johnson will eventually become replaced with new leaders, and all it takes is for them to press a few buttons and we will lose all the help we now have. It is similar to how Hitler swiftly shifted gear to the Final Solution. He also had pro-Zionist consultants close by, who later became revealed as anti-Semites.

Therefore, although we see signs of support from some world leaders for now, anti-Semitic sentiment continues growing under the surface. We still have some time to adjust our sights and prioritize unity: to implement the method of connection among each other, from which it will ripple through humanity. By doing so, we will see a new and harmonious balance of forces blossom in the world, and can prevent a future of mass suffering and bloodshed from materializing.

“How Can We Stomp Out Anti-Semitism In The United States?” (Quora)

Dr. Michael LaitmanMichael Laitman, On Quora: How can we stomp out Anti-Semitism in the United States?

The way to eliminate anti-Semitism in the United States is the same as how to solve anti-Semitism anywhere in the world: to raise awareness of the root cause of anti-Semitism in order to invert hatred into love.

Kabbalistic sources explain both such a cause and solution to anti-Semitism. It is because Kabbalists perceive developmental processes unfolding in our world, and can both warn people of oncoming threats, as well as offer a remedy to prevent such threats from materializing.

For instance, Kabbalist Rav Yehuda Ashlag (Baal HaSulam), the most renowned Kabbalist of the 20th Century, tried convincing European Jews in the 1930s to leave Europe because he foresaw the oncoming disaster. Both following his example, as well as taking heed to the alerting recent rise in anti-Semitism worldwide, I also feel the need to communicate the message about the root cause of anti-Semitism and its solution both to Jews and non-Jews, and I extensively
write and speak on the topic with the hope that, at the very least, a future mass tragedy can be prevented.

In relation to the United States, I have lectured to Jewish communities in the United States at various intervals over the last 20 years. During the 2000s, I was laughed at when I mentioned that anti-Semitism was going to become a growing issue in America. Now, in the 2010s, after anti-Semitism’s immense exponential growth, both in the amounts of anti-Semitic crimes and threats, as well as in anti-Semitic sentiment, I am saying that the all signs are pointing to the next Holocaust emerging in America.

However, as much as I write and speak about this topic, I see little response to this message from the Jewish people. It is written about us, that we are a stiff-necked people, i.e., we have a tough skin that makes it very hard to penetrate such awareness into our perception.

In any case, in order to prevent a future dystopian scenario for the Jewish people in the United States, as well as elsewhere, the message is the same for all Jews: we need to unite, according to the tenet “love your friend as yourself,” in order to become “a light unto the nations,” i.e., a conduit that passes the positive unifying force dwelling in nature to the world. If the message doesn’t become accepted through education and promotion, then anti-Semitic blows and suffering will rise, “softening our stiff necks,” undesirably increasing our ability to absorb such a message.

That is the state we first reached some 3,800 years ago in ancient Babylon, under Abraham’s guidance, which granted us the name, “the people of Israel” (“Israel” from the words, “Yashar Kel,” which means “straight to God” [“God” being the same as “Nature” according to Kabbalah, i.e., a positive force that connects between all elements of reality]). Also, according to the same unifying tendency, we were later named “Jews,” from the word for “unity” (the Hebrew word for “Jew” [Yehudi] comes from the word for “united” [yihudi]).

We are gradually reaching new heights of anti-Semitism that the world has never seen, since today’s world is more globally-integrated than ever before. Due to anti-Semitism emerging as a natural phenomenon in non-Jews, toward a subconscious expectation for the Jews to pioneer a process toward more positive human connection, then we can expect a future where everyone other than a few Jews will be anti-Semitic.

Therefore, we Jews first and foremost need to show everyone how unity above the growing hostile divisions in society is not only a possibility, but that there is a method of connection to guide our every step of the way. By implementing such a method on ourselves, we sends positive unifying ripples throughout humanity’s consciousness, and invite an opposite attitude from anti-Semitism upon ourselves in return. In other words, by witnessing increasing positive connection, and subsequent rises in happiness, support and confidence in society at large, the general attitude toward a unified Jewish people would become favorable and encouraging.

However, if the Jewish people will continue rejecting, ignoring or remaining unaware of the message of the need to unite, then instead of seeing unity form in society’s mainstream, we can expect unity to form more and more in society’s fringes, i.e., as Nazi and fascist unity. Such unity is dangerous, since it is built on uniting around the hatred of the other, and it becomes the infrastructure that can lead to the manifestation of horrific events, as exemplified by the Holocaust.

Therefore, I hope that Jews in general, and especially American Jews, will start noticing that the ball is in our court, and that we need to play the game properly: to prioritize our unity in order to spread unity onward. If we do so, we’ll be in a better general state in America and around the world. However, if we fail to realize what the wisdom of Kabbalah is saying on this pressing issue, then the state will become much worse.

“Can Jews Be Anti-Semites?” (Quora)

Dr. Michael LaitmanMichael Laitman, On Quora: Can Jews be anti-Semites?

Not only can Jews be anti-Semites, they can be the biggest and most severe kind of anti-Semites.


It is because we Jews have a point that connects us to humanity’s corrected and unified state—“love your neighbor as yourself”—which we once discovered under Abraham’s guidance some 3,800 years ago. Together with that point, we also play host to the shattered egoistic desire, which opposes the point of unification, detaching us all from each other.

Every Jew accommodates this duality: an egoistic desire to receive, which seeks personal benefit at the expense of others, coupled with the altruistic point of unification that is attached to humanity’s peak unified state of development.

Whoever feels closer to the central point of unification is drawn to develop differently than those swept into the rat race of the masses, to positive connection in society. Whoever resists such development, letting the ego determine his or her goals and pleasures in life, is against unification, and is thus, according to its deeper definition, an anti-Semite.

However, whether or not certain people are anti-Semitic is not the main issue. We rather need to understand how such inclinations surface as part of a natural phenomenon, where they originate, and how our sentiments emerge from the interplay between these inner forces.

If awareness of the authentic cause of Jewish self-hatred arose among more and more people, then we would be able to somewhat influence humanity’s balance with nature. Humanity would then be able to better understand what it is going through.

In short, Jews are the biggest anti-Semites, precisely because they host the two extreme points of unity and anti-unity.

These two points have constantly changing relations. They actually exist in every person, and we see them in every nation and in every stage of development. However, due to once discovering unity upon the great differences between the people in ancient Babylon, the Jews have a much more prominent differentiation between these two points: on one hand, access to the same method Abraham used to unite people above their differences, and on the other hand, a more inflated ego that resists such unity and makes Jews disproportionately successful in egoistic endeavors compared to other nations.

Therefore, the more humanity develops, the more the nations of the world feel hatred toward Jews. It is because anti-Semitism is a natural response of the ego’s growth, which hates the point opposite itself, a desire that wishes to concede upon the ego in order to positively connect with others.

People in undeveloped areas, such as tribal peoples, have no such attitude to Jews. The more people develop in a civilization, with its amassing egoistic competition and materialistic individualism, the more their attitude toward Jews develops. All of a sudden, people who encounter more and more problems from trying to make their way in the modern civilized world, start feeling that they dislike Jews. It is due to the ego’s growth, and the subsequent tension between the ego and the deeper point within the person that yearns for positive connection with others.

We will reach a state where the whole world will reveal their negative attitude to Jews. It thus all depends on how soon, and to what extent, we Jews will start exercising our potential: to realize the method to unite (“love your neighbor as yourself”) above divisions (“love will cover all transgressions”), through which we can become a conduit for unity to spread among humanity (“a light unto the nations”).

When such a transformation takes place, the rising hateful attitude to Jews will invert to its positive form: a supportive, respectful and even loving attitude toward a people who bring a new elated sensation of happiness and togetherness to the world.