Question: Evolution constantly separates some parts of nature. It turns out that a group of people called “Israel,” which has a certain path of development, is selected by evolution. Then, all kinds of small groups called “tens” comprise that group.
Why is it impossible to work with the whole of humanity? Why is it necessary to be locked in a small group of people?
Answer: The fact is that the soul, that is, the general desire created by the Creator, is divided into many different levels and sublevels. For example, if we take its highest, most sensitive level, then, it is, in turn, the most egoistic and at the same time closest in its effect to the light back and forth. That is, it is directed to the light and the light is directed to it. Light is the Creator’s influence on a desire.
Therefore, in the first place, it is this highest desire that begins to develop, which because of its aspiration for the Creator is called “Israel,” meaning “directly to the Creator.” Being closest to Him, it must first come into contact with the Creator and then through it the influence of the Creator passes on to other desires.
Remark: We know that it is unrelated to nationalities since the group of Israel was assembled from the least egoistic representatives of various tribes of ancient Babylon.
My Comment: I would not say that they were less egoistic. On the contrary, they felt more detached and more susceptible to all kinds of bad states. As a result of this, they felt that they were obliged to attain the meaning of life, or, allegorically, that they must attain where it comes from, who rules them, and how they can change their lives.
Therefore, they gathered around Abraham who called them to spiritual attainment. He explained to them that this is possible only if they begin to work together on unity among themselves.
From KabTV’s “Fundamentals of Kabbalah,” 3/6/19