Answer: The fact is that from the exit from egoism (from Egypt) to the ascent to the level of the quality of bestowal, which is necessary to enter into the realization of love thy neighbor as thyself, 50 levels must be passed. These are the 50 days.
There are seven degrees from Bina (the property of bestowal) to Malchut (the property of receiving): Hesed, Gevura, Tifferet, Netzach, Hod, Yesod, and Malchut. 7 times 7 equals 49. This means that it is necessary to reach these 49 steps.
On the 50th day, it becomes possible to contact the property of Bina (the property of bestowal). Having achieved this property, a person can already receive an instruction called Torah.
Question: Are all these figures: 40 years old, 600,000 men, etc., steps?
Answer: Yes, these are states that you must go through.
Question: Who are the 600,000 men? What are these steps?
Answer: This means the six parts of Zeir Anpin: Hesed, Gevura, Tifferet, Netzach, Hod, Yesod, each of which consists of ten thousand.
It turns out that 60 times 10,000 equals 600,000. When we raise ourselves spiritually, we rise from the level of Malchut to the level of Zeir Anpin, and from the level of Zeir Anpin to the level of Arich Anpin. This is a power of multiplication by a factor of 10,000 . Therefore, it turns out that the capacity of our association is 600,000. All these figures speak only of a qualitative change within a person.
Question: But did such events take place? Did 600,000 men stand at Mount Sinai?
Answer: There were perhaps millions, but only 600,000 were ready to receive the condition of “love thy neighbor.”
Question: But again, is this the number of people or the quality? Is that sort of the strength of those people who were ready to receive the Torah?
Answer: Yes, by uniting with each other, they created such a force.
From KabTV’s “Spiritual States” 6/3/19