Torah, Deuteronomy, Vayelech, 31:12 – 31:13: Assemble the people: the men, the women, and the children, and your stranger in your cities, in order that they hear, and in order that they learn and fear the Lord, your God, and they will observe to do all the words of this Torah.
And their children who did not know ,will hear and learn to fear the Lord, your God, all the days that you live on the land, to which you are crossing the Jordan, to possess.
In the desert the fear was whether I would be able to refrain from using my egoism for my own sake, but in the land of Israel it is a completely different quality: whether I would be able to use my egoism for bestowal and love of others. An inversion in the use of egoism happens here.
Therefore, Moses warns the people; after all, this is not just very difficult to do, it is even hard to imagine how to do it. I cannot forbid myself to enjoy. Will I be able to allow myself to enjoy, and especially for the sake of the Creator? It is much easier to forbid.
Question: It is written, “Assemble the people: the men, the women, and the children, and your stranger in your cities.” What does that mean?
Answer: All of these are a person’s inner qualities. Let them listen to Moses’s warnings because each of them must undergo its own correction. Only after that can you enter the land of Israel and begin working with your desires “for the sake of bestowal.”
From KabTV’s “Secrets of the Eternal Book” 1/23/17