Baal HaSulam, “The Love for the Creator and Love for the Created Beings”: Now we can answer the question, “Why the Torah was given to the Israeli nation without the participation of all the nations of the world?”
Thus, because of their ancestral merit Israel succeeded, and over 400 years they developed and became qualified and sentenced themselves to a scale of merit. Each and every member of the nation agreed to love his fellow man. Being a small and single nation among seventy great nations, when there are a hundred gentiles or more for every one of Israel, when they had taken upon themselves to love their fellow person, the Torah was then given specifically to qualify the Israeli nation.
Thus, it is not at all about any “specific condition.” It’s about the same spiritual vessel that has developed as a result of the four stages of the Direct Light (HaVaYaH). Later, it was processed at each of the 125 steps in five worlds and then shattered into numerous particles.
Broken pieces revealed in ancient Babylon, but at that time only a small part of the Babylonians (those who had broken desires and properties) managed to wake up for self-correction. It was done under the influence of a very small Light that was attained and brought to them by Abraham. Only the purest Babylonian vessels, desires, managed to adhere to them. Why? It happened because the desires lacked the depth, Aviut.
Five thousand followers departed together with Abraham from Babylon. They began mixing with each other and this interaction generated a new developmental stage, a new thickness of desires that occurred during the Egyptian exile.
At that time, they acquired a huge desire for correction. During Babylonian times, it was enough for them just to leave, but later they had to rise above the four new layers that were personified by the four hundred years of exile. For that, they needed more Light.
This is when the children of Israel were granted the Torah – the methodology of correction. The previous simple system of maintaining connections was replaced by a new type of work that involved ascents and descents. This work was based on constant self-analysis and a new type of thicker vessels that were acquired during the exile in the Pharaoh’s Kingdom.
Later, the sons of Israel attained correction that corresponded to the level of the First Temple followed by subsequent destruction and shattering.
Today, after the exile and collapse, the same vessels emerge again. These vessels still contain the sparks of the previous stages. The Light comes and raises us through our forefathers’ merits.
This explains why everybody who is attracted to the goal of creation is called Israel (meaning directly to the Creator (Yashar-El). These people must realize that they have the duty of attracting the Light to the entire world. If this happens, all 70 nations will receive the Light through their unity and will rise to the prior level of unity where humanity was before the shattering: the one we all have to attain.
From the 4th part of the Daily Kabbalah Lesson 7/9/14, Writings of Baal HaSulam