Baal HaSulam, Shamati #3, “The Matter of Spiritual Attainment”: “This is so because the word ‘name’ indicates attainment, like a person who names some object after having attained something about it, and according to one’s attainment.”
Baal HaSulam writes that which we cannot comprehend, we cannot name by name; we cannot precisely determine it. Therefore, “name” indicates the level of the attainment, the attribute, the connection with others and many other things.
As in our world, when we turn to a certain person, we do not simply call him by his name. After all, one who knows him immediately understands his connections with the world, the state he is in, how he is connected with others, etc. And for someone who doesn’t know that person, his name means nothing.
That is, the name indicates all the properties of a person and the world around him, with which he is interconnected. It is the properties of the object itself and the one with whom or with what it is associated that determine the name in Kabbalah. The very name of an object—the soul, or the world, or the level, or the force—determines the basic attribute of this phenomenon, the force, the object, the volume, or the level that we are talking about.
In Kabbalah, a name is not given by chance like in our world. It is based on the numerical value of the attributes of an object, on its connection with the world, which point of the general soul it is in, which forces influence it and how it responds to them. In general, all this determines and defines the object and its name.
From KabTV’s “Fundamentals of Kabbalah,” 12/8/19