Answer: First you need to accept a condition: all that Kabbalah talks about is
1) What is happening in the spiritual world
2) What is happening inside one person
The war of the Maccabees with the Yavanas is a struggle between the forces of reception and bestowal in a person who is on the way to unite with the Creator. The one who doesn’t study Kabbalah, doesn’t feel internally any Maccabees, any Yavanas, no Pharaoh, and no other characters in the Torah. All of them appear in a person only when one properly studies Kabbalah.