It is said: “You should post judges and guards at all your gates.” The judges are those who “forcefully” decide what a person should do with himself and thereby create potential obstacles. While the guards are those who actively execute the decision, throwing a person from the path and distancing him. The responsibilities are divided, as it is customary in this world.
On the higher degrees this could be interpreted as the states of smallness and greatness. The judges sentence a person according to his “virtues” (GE, the forces of Bina, the Light of Hassadim that’s present in him), weighing them in relation to the coarseness of his desire to receive, like on a scale. The guards already deal with the receiving desires that require supervisors and officers to ensure that these desires don’t break through and a person doesn’t use his AHP.
This is the same work, and it depends on the state a person is in: Whether he is in double or single concealment, in single revelation (reward and punishment), or in double revelation (love). Accordingly, the character of the judges, supervisors, and, afterwards, guards changes.
And also among the judges, themselves, there are various kinds. The entire study of the Babylonian Talmud is built on these arguments, on the trials of the desire to receive. This is an instruction of how a person should build and evaluate himself, to be his own guard and supervisor, and first of all, his own judge.
A person compares his state with what is written in the Talmud and determines on what degree he is, what examples he needs to apply on himself at the still, vegetative, animate, and speaking levels of desire. He sees to which level of the desire he causes harm by his egoism and which way he can compensate it, meaning to correct the damages caused by the ego that breached its limits.
The entire Talmud and all the work on spiritual degrees is dedicated to this. If you open the Babylonian Talmud, you will see that all the arguments and disagreements are only about this, up to the most detailed clarifications of the tiniest details.
From the 1st pat of the Daily Kabbalah Lesson 2/21/2012, Writings of Rabash