Opinion: (John Urry, sociologist, Lancaster University): “The instability of contemporary societies is the main result of globalization. But possibly, this instability is a guarantee of the harmonious development of the world, argues sociologist John Urry.
“But administrative and political conditions most frequently prevent us from grasping the spirit of globalization. We evaluate global processes while being located at the fixed point of space, under the rule of the specific state. And usually this distorts perspective and makes it necessary to think in terms of boundaries and by territories, although this logic no longer functions in the epoch of the global world.
“Today, the concept of order on the verge of chaos is popular in natural sciences. Physicists say that many systems are in the ‘meta stable’ state, that is, they are close to the stability, but do not reach complete stability. The contemporary world order works in exactly the same manner. It is not a strict order, but infinite adjustments. The order of contemporary world is infinite relationships; the participants constantly change the environment and the rules of the game. There is no stable regularity in the world system.
“Many European countries discuss the change of state politics towards regulation. The sociologist Zigmunt Baumann compares the states of the middle ages with modern times, using the images of a forester and gardener. The forester only protects and supports natural balance, the gardener actively imposes his order. The states of the Soviet Union and Nazi Germany behaved as gardeners.
“We are likely to witness the return of a state-forester since contemporary state structures cannot fulfill the chosen role and manage the movement of ideas, information, intellectual property, and the global media. The European Union is an example of the state-regulator.
“National states could not function without commonplace nationalism: the respect of the flag and anthem, the cult of the native language and boundaries. The new, global structures of authority need their kind ‘commonplace globalism’ – new ethics, the map of a united Europe, photographs of the blue Earth, pictures of the terrestrial globe. But the most important thing is the formation of new common ethics. What must be established first of all is a clear understanding of what is good and what is bad for the global world.”