In the News (University of Oxford News and Events): “Anthropologists at the University of Oxford have discovered what they believe to be seven universal moral rules.
“The rules: help your family, help your group, return favours, be brave, defer to superiors, divide resources fairly, and respect others’ property, were found in a survey of 60 cultures from all around the world. …
“Dr Oliver Scott Curry, lead author and senior researcher at the Institute for Cognitive and Evolutionary Anthropology, said: ‘The debate between moral universalists and moral relativists has raged for centuries, but now we have some answers. People everywhere face a similar set of social problems, and use a similar set of moral rules to solve them. As predicted, these seven moral rules appear to be universal across cultures. Everyone everywhere shares a common moral code. All agree that cooperating, promoting the common good, is the right thing to do.'”
Question: What does Kabbalah say about the moral code?
Answer: Kabbalah says that all of the above points are rules of egoistic human interaction. Of course, they must be observed, but they have nothing to do with the upper laws.
At the animate level, they are observed automatically. And a person, since he or she is an egoist and capable of harming others much more than any animal, needs these principles. It would be nice if they were observed.
However, this is neither the task of Kabbalah nor its domain. Kabbalah calls for observing other principles: the principles of love, when we do not need to be told to act one way and not another.
For a person who feels love for his neighbor in himself, all these codes are natural and one cannot act differently. You cannot write a book of laws on how to deal with a baby for a mother. She does not need it; she feels, understands, and does everything purely for the benefit of her child.
Question: Do you think that it is possible to summon such a force of nature that would trigger the mechanism of love in a person, like a mother to a child?
Answer: Yes. That is what we must do. And then there is no need for any moral codes. One should not have to constantly refer to a book of laws to see if he is doing something right or wrong, something he may be convicted or punished for.
Question: We consider the criterion of moral education to be people’s actions and their motivations. Do you think there are any other moral criteria?
Answer: I would say that the real criterion for morality is the existence of the upper force and its highest principle of love for everyone.
From KabTV’s “Communication Skills” 10/9/20