Question: Why does it say that if one performs a Mitzva, it protects and saves him and whereas the Torah protects and saves a person when he deals with it and when he doesn’t? Why is there such a division in the correction?
Answer: The Torah is called the Light that surrounds a person on the spiritual path. Even when the Inner Light that used to fill his vessel on the current level disappears, there is still the illumination of the Surrounding Light, which sustains a person. After all, if there is no Light that shines for a person, he ceases to exist. All of life is sustained only by the Light.
When a person doesn’t perform a Mitzva, meaning that he hasn’t discover a certain Light—the Light of Hassadim or the Light of Hochma—there is still a general illumination called “Torah” thanks to the state he has attained. This is the general plan of creation that is before a person and shining for him. He understands this, but at present, he is not dealing with a certain item in it with a specific correction.
These Mitzvot are a person’s actions according to the specific Reshimot (spiritual genes) that are revealed to him in which the Inner Light, the Surrounding Light, and the spiritual Partzuf take part. It is working on a certain self-correction. Therefore, there are 613 Mitzvot that include all the Torah. The Light of Ein Sof (Infinity) is called the Torah, the Light that will be revealed at the end of correction.
Torah is a system of desires (vessels), Lights, Reshimot, and different relations between the point in the heart and the Creator. This whole system that is meant to bring the point in the heart to adhesion with the Creator is called Torah.
Mitzva is a concrete step that we have to take on our way to attaining the goal.
From the 1st part of the Daily Kabbalah Lesson 3/10/13, Shamati #6