Baal HaSulam, “600,000 Souls”: In my opinion, there is indeed only one soul in the world. … Yet, saying that there are 600,000 souls and sparks of souls appears as though it is divided by the force of the body of each person. In other words, first, the body divides and completely denies him of the radiance of the soul, and by the force of the Torah and the Mitzva, the body is cleansed, and to the extent of its cleansing, the common soul shines upon him.
You have to make an effort in order to collect all the shattered parts. The number of the particles is 600,000, but actually I collect them not by quantity but by their intensity. It isn’t about numbers, but about how tightly we “cling” to one another—this level of attachment is called 600,000, since by the connection and the power of unity we rise from the level of ZON to the level of Arich Anpin.
Today we cannot imagine this state in the true light, and so we describe it in different ways. Actually Baal HaSulam writes about it, in order to direct us correctly in several ways, I feel 600,000 souls because I am shattered, but if I weren’t everything would seem to me as one whole formation. I feel the intensity of my current existence in this world and not in the eternal life, because I don’t reach the level of 600,000 souls, I don’t evoke the ZON in order to reach my Gmar Tikkun (the end of correction), the level of Arich Anpin.
On the one hand I follow the right track to correction, and on the other hand I still don’t perceive the reality in which there is only one soul with the intensity of 600,000, which means that it is attained 620 times more than the Creator has given it. If the created being feels that he is bestowing upon the Creator while receiving, then the intensity of the filling, his understanding and his feeling grow: “How much do I receive, from whom am I receiving, how great is the love between us.” Thus the vessel is evoked in the created being, which is 600,000 times greater than the previous one and in which the intensity of the Light is 620 times greater than before.
Thus, in order to reach the right discernment of the reality in Gmar Tikkun we have to see our present state as divided into 600,000 parts and under 6,000 years—levels, in the intensity of a “very thin candle” instead of the full Light of NRNHY, which is 620 times greater than the initial state.
From the 3rd part of the Daily Kabbalah Lesson 5/29/12, Baal HaSulam “600,000 Souls”