The Torah, “Exodus,” 28:9-28:12: And you shall take two onyx stones and engrave upon them the names of the sons of Israel. Six of their names on one stone and the names of the remaining six on the second stone, according to their births. [Similar to] the work of an engraver of gems, [similar to] the engravings of a seal, you shall engrave the two stones with the names of the sons of Israel; you shall make them enclosed in gold settings. And you shall put the two stones upon the shoulder straps of the ephod as stones of remembrance for the sons of Israel, and Aaron shall carry their names before the Lord upon his two shoulders as a remembrance.
Stone (Even) symbolizes the heart of stone (Lev HaEven), the coarsest most egoistic properties. The names have to be drawn and represented on them. Names are the embodiment of a person’s efforts, of his work. When a person performs a certain spiritual work, he is called by a name that matches the height and the character of this work. In other words, a vessel the Light enters creates a full name. A form, a person’s style of work is expressed by a certain name: Moses, Aaron, Itamar, etc., which make up the essence of the spiritual work of one soul or another.
On one hand, names cannot be arbitrary. On the other hand, the essence of each name can change.
And you shall take two onyx stones, and engrave upon them the names of the sons of Israel means the state when the leaders of the twelve tribes reach this kind of work, that even their names, which means their resemblance to the Creator, reach the deepest egoistic desire, the stone, the state of the still nature, and ascends from the lowest state up to the level of Aaron’s shoulders.
“Shoulders” means HBD-HGT-NHY. When a hand is lifted, its uppermost part is on the level of the shoulder. This refers to the part that receives the calculations from the head. The head belongs to Aaron, and these are all his intentions, the whole spiritual work.
It’s as if the sons and all the other tribes are on his shoulders. This is how the system of connections between the different parts of this huge system called the general soul is described allegorically.
From Kab TV’s “Secrets of the Eternal Book” 8/19/13