How did it happen that Adam HaRishon made a mistake and sinned? It was arranged from above by giving him incorrect data. How can the product of the Creator’s work sin? It means that the Creator arranged it for him because there must be the shattering so that he understands who he is and what his correction depends on. We call this a mistake, a sin, according to spiritual definitions. However, Adam HaRishon could not make a mistake because it is a system. The system had to shatter to reveal the difference between the Creator and the created beings.
There were two shatterings: the first time in the world of Nekudim, in the worlds, in the external system, in the “shell,” and then in Adam HaRishon himself. Now they correspond to each other, both are shattered. Therefore, a person begins the correction through the world, and the world is corrected through a person. Thus, through reciprocal influence, they correct each other, helping one another.
Without the shattering, there is no Adam, no created being. Only after the shattering does the created being appear, capable of realizing how much it is immersed in egoism, which is opposite to bestowal. Without the shattering, there is no contradiction and there is no scrutiny. Wholeness is absolutely impossible without the previous shattering.1
From the 2nd part of the Daily Kabbalah Lesson 10/7/19, Writings of Baal HaSulam, “Preface to the Wisdom of Kabbalah,” Item 65
1 Minute 14:37