1) There are wondrous worlds of Light beginning from Ein Sof, but our physical world (below Malchut) is so far from them that within it Gevura (severity) dominates over Hesed. Therefore, it is difficult for a person to see the Hesed (mercy) of the Creator and he suffers.
2) Even in the material world we are as “house guests” of the Creator. All events, even those which cause us suffering, are acts of Hesed from the Creator in relation to us.
Answer: Both descriptions are correct.
Question: As a beginning student, as far as it seems, I have finally understood what a Partzuf is, and I likewise thought that I understood, at least to some extent, the meaning of the Sefirot. Sometimes you call Partzufim by the names of Sefirot, which ultimately confuses me. The question is, why are the Partzufim called by the names of Sefirot, and what is a Sefira?
Answer: Every Sefira, when it grows, is revealed as a Partzuf.
Question: If a person prays to the Creator for something and expects the Creator to carry out this desire, can he say in a prayer that if he gets what he desires from the Creator, he will give pleasure to the Creator this way, or is this purely an egoistic approach?