In our world, humanity gradually advances from the animate (natural, human) level to the “human” (spiritual, Adam or “similar to the Creator”) level. That is, beside the desire for sustenance, sex, family, wealth, fame, and knowledge, the desire for spirituality, the yearning to attain the purpose of life and its source, awakens in the collective system of souls, in people.
This desire awakens in stages, step by step, since the collective soul consists of various parts: Rosh (head), Toch (body), Sof (end), the three lines, HBD (Hochma, Bina, Da’at), HGT (Hesed, Gevura, Tifferet), NHY (Netzah, Hod, Yesod), 10 Sefirot, GE (Galgalta ve Eynaim), AHP (Awzen, Hotem, Peh), and so forth. Obviously, not all parts are the same. There are differences in their Aviut (thickness or coarseness of the will to receive): Shoresh (0), Aleph (1), Bet (2), Gimel (3), and Dalet (4). There are also differences in how they work with the will to receive: without a screen, with a screen, before the breaking, or after it.
After the breaking, desires fell from the level of bestowal to that of reception, mixed among themselves, and are awakening to correction gradually from the souls with the lightest desires to those which are heavy in their desires. The souls with a relatively small will to receive started to awaken as early as in the times of Babylon.
Then, for the first time, an awakening of the masses occurred; those who recognized within them the desire to attain spirituality are regarded as “Isra-El” (aspiring to the Creator). Abraham collected them and organized the first group. He taught them his quality, “Hesed” (Mercy).
But their desires were weak, and hence, the correcting device, the Torah, the method of drawing of the Upper Light that Reforms, wasn’t necessary. Their own strife was sufficient to draw the Light that Reforms without using the help of the entire system of connection between us, which is called “the Torah.”
Clearly, all corrections are made solely with the help of the Light, but the weak Aviut that the “forefathers” possessed during the period of time between ancient Babylon and Egypt allowed them to reveal spirituality and correct themselves naturally. But after “Egypt,” the souls have acquired greater egoism, the will to receive, and they became separated by hatred as enormous as Mount Sinai. On one hand, they hated each other, but on the other, they had already attained the recognition of evil, hated their exile from spirituality, and were eager to break free.
The key is in the magnitude of the desire, the revelation of egoism. To counteract the ego unfolding during the exodus from Egypt, the souls have to connect with the force regarded as “six thousand souls.” And only when they are eager to unite in this manner, having accepted the rule of Arvut (mutual guarantee), the Light that brings them back to the source, the Creator, gets revealed. This is called “the reception of the Torah.”
From the 4th part of the Daily Kabbalah Lesson 10/11/10, “The Love for the Creator and Love for the Created Beings”
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