Question: On Rosh HaShanah a person decides to start a new life, and despite the fact that he needs to rise above his nature, he still wants to test all his qualities during the ten days before Yom Kippur.
By comparing them with the qualities of the Creator, he sees that he cannot be like the Creator in any of them and on Yom Kippur he decides to make a restriction on them, which in our world is expressed in five limitations.
After that, after the five days symbolizing the five Sefirot, the holiday of Sukkot begins. What is the essence of these holidays?
Answer: The New Year (Rosh HaShanah) is preceded by a series of days when people ask for forgiveness. They sort of evaluate their actions, what good and bad they have done, and in general, they understand that they have not done anything particularly good.
This is how a person checks his actions and comes to the conclusion that he is obliged to obey the upper will of the Creator because “There is None Else Besides Him.” He accepts the upper will as the only ruling force in the world. From this state, he begins to evaluate himself. He really does a very serious analysis of his actions and deeds, which continues until Yom Kippur.
Yom Kippur is the inner state of a person when one realizes that only continuous egoism acts in him and that he must rise above himself. After all, the main commandment of the Torah is “love your neighbor as yourself,” and he is absolutely far and even opposite to it. Therefore, he asks for forgiveness.
This is the principle of Yom Kippur, when a person is ready to stop using their egoistic desires. There are only five of them in a person. Therefore, they are represented in our world by five restrictions: the ban on eating, drinking, etc.
From KabTV’s “Spiritual States” 10/7/19