The Midrash, “The Book of Jethro”: When Jethro approached the camp of the sons of Israel, he wrote a letter to Moses saying: “Your father-in-law Jethro has come. Please come and meet me. If you don’t come out for my sake, please do it for your wife Zipporah; if not for her, do it for her two sons.” Jethro tied the letter to an arrow and shot it to the Cloud of Glory. The Cloud usually rejected everything, but it let this message through because of Moses.
This passage talks about an internal state of a person. There is no connection between the property of “Jethro” and the property of “Moses.” Moses detached himself from Jethro, and that’s why Jethro says, ”We have a chance to establish a connection between us; if not between you and me, then between you and Zipporah, if not with Zipporah, then with her two sons.” He is looking for a way to make a connection. “Sending an arrow to the Cloud of Glory” means that Moses stays at the next (higher) level and that it’s impossible to reach him.
When in spirituality they say that “somebody sends a message (or an envoy or an intermediary) to another because it’s not possible to directly approach him,” it means that two properties (receiving and bestowal) are incompatible and do not understand each other. Jethro is a property of receiving (egoism), whereas Moses represents a property of bestowal. These two properties are incompatible within one person, so there must be an “adapter” that connects them together. The only thing that the property named “Jethro” is capable of is to raise its desires and “send a message to the Cloud of Glory,” meaning to the property of Moses that he is otherwise incapable of approaching and understanding.
The separation that exists between Moses and Jethro is essential and indispensable. At this point, together they begin creating a connection. It is the time when egoistic properties start manifesting in the people of Israel. The people of Israel exited Egypt without correcting these properties; they simply contracted these qualities without implementing them.
This is the time when these qualities gradually begin to correct; Jethro is a manifestation of the same egoistic properties, but now they have a desire to attain the level of Moses. This level is already “seeded” in Jethro, since Moses spent 40 years together with Jethro (the distance from Malchut to Bina) laying this point in him. This point is “the arrow” that Jethro sends to Moses. Naturally, Moses turns his way and faces him since no man is capable of rejecting it since he realizes how essential it is for him.
Moses tells Jethro everything that happened to him. Jethro starts to feel what he is talking about and blesses the Creator for everything He did to Israel. These two properties within one person start sensing each other and get incorporated into each other. Before anything else, Moses has to do the work at the level of Bina, and then continue using his inferior (lower) qualities (so called “people,”) meaning that spiritual work is always done at the thinnest plane first and only afterwards coarser desires are added to it.
Moses transfers the Torah to Jethro to the degree that the Torah enters egoism and starts working inside it. After Jethro receives the Torah, he in his turn explains to Moses how to work with egoism.
The distance between Malchut and Bina are 40 steps (or 40 years.) Jethro is Malchut that rises to the level of Bina and attaches to it. Moses then includes himself into Jethro and starts working in him, which is Bina that descends to Malchut.
Moses handed the Torah to Jethro in an allegorical form; he partially encompassed the steps that were already covered by Moses and by the people, meaning the qualities that had already been corrected. Then, Jethro tells Moses how to work with egoism meaning Malchut that rises to Bina creates the system that works with egoism. Since the upper level (Bina) has to incorporate egoism in order to figure out how to work with it and create a system of gradual correction of “egoism within egoism.” That’s why Jethro and Moses have to be included into each other instead of staying apart.
After Moses transfers the Torah to Jethro in the form that he needs the most in order to return to his people and correct their inferior desires (Jethro is a transitional step to lower desires that stand for “his people”), Moses receives from Jethro a system that works with egoism. He starts realizing the ways to break it into dozens and hundreds of thousands of pieces and learns how to work with the thickness (Aviut) of desires, meaning with something that is missing from Bina because of its transparency. When Aviut approaches Bina, there appears a necessity to initiate a hierarchical system. This is how the system is built, although it is not quite typical for Israel.
Israel is a property of Bina, a quality of bestowal. However, the people of Israel exited Egypt having absorbed egoism in its entirety. At this point, they began “arranging” egoism and realizing how to work with it step by step. Due to Jethro, the people of Israel acquired a chance to accept the system that addresses egoism.
From KabTV’s “Mysteries of the Eternal Book,” 3/11/13