Baal HaSulam: “Matan Torah (The Giving of the Torah),” item 13: There are two parts in the Torah: 1) Mitzvot between man and God, and 2) Mitzvot between man and man. And they both aim for the same thing—to bring the creature to the final purpose of Dvekut with Him.
Mitzvot governing the relations between people boil down to the principle “Love thy friend as thyself.” And Mitzvot that govern the relations between man and the Creator boil down to the principle “Love the Lord, your God.” Thus there are two levels on the way to fulfilling the Mitzva of love: First, a person fulfills it with regard to humanity, and if he succeeds, then he attains complete love of the Creator.
Why is the process divided into two parts? The point is that if there weren’t the shattering of the vessels, as a result of which my world seems to be populated by many people, I would have no basis, no foundation, to perform the actions of correction, since these actions need to be concealed.
On the other hand, if the Creator is revealed to me, I am bribed, convicted, enslaved, annulled, sold, and deprived of freewill. In short, in such a case, I have to bestow since I have no choice. When I look at Him, I have no other choice. He controls me, dominates me, and I become an “angel” who doesn’t bestow out of freewill.
In order to have freewill, I have to be detached from the Creator and to learn how to bestow by those who don’t obligate me to do so by force. They do, however, evoke me by sufferings. For example, they send me the storm Sandy or a tsunami. But such disasters don’t push me forward to corrections, since I don’t feel that they come directly from the Creator, and so I keep my freewill. On the whole, we are constantly in a state of vagueness.
This world was given to us so that we will be free from the Creator and so there are two types of Mitzvot. There are Mitzvot that relate to the relations between people, which we keep without any obligations. We actually increase our internal recognition of how necessary they are and with time as we become experienced we begin to understand that we are actually free in that.
At the moment I don’t think so. I am pushed from behind by a stick and drawn forward by the point in the heart. I don’t look to the sides anymore, but just advance and fall back. Is this freewill?
On the way, however, we begin to establish the connection between us; we feel that we are free in the resistance between the Creator and Pharaoh. The true freedom is concealed in this middle point, in the mixing between good and bad (the Shell of Noga). This is where the intention, meaning man, is born. The intention is man.
Thus the Mitzvot are divided into two parts since we must be in a state of concealment in order to have freewill, so first we perform the Mitzvot between people in order to finally keep the Mitzvot between man and the Creator.
The amount of Mitzvot is determined by our 613 desires that are divided into 248 “organs” and 365 “ligaments” in a person’s soul. We have to correct all these desires with the intention of in order to bestow.
From the 4th part of the Daily Kabbalah Lesson 11/4/12, “Matan Torah (The Giving of the Torah)”